VOLUME 18 2018 NUMBER 1

New challenges in franchisor-franchisee relationship. An analysis from agency theory perspective
Guillermo Navarro Sanfelix / Francisco Puig
Universidad de Valencia (España)
Agency theory has been widely used in the franchising literature. This theory analyzes the contract relationships between the principal and agent and has been mostly applied to franchising in traditional sectors (e.g., restaurants, retailing, or travel agencies) where the processes and procedures can be easily standardized. Recently, there has been a spectacular development of high-intensity knowledge sectors, especially in the health sector (dentists, opticians, physiotherapists etc.), where many companies choose franchising to expand the network and improve the survival rates of franchisees, although this strategy goes against the traditional view of the agency theory.
In this work, we propose to study this “new agency problem”, using the franchising business model as our research field. The know-how in high-knowledge-intensive sectors is difficult to codify and transfer, and it opens new possibilities for resource-based and intellectual capital perspectives to explain how knowledge assets are built into contracts in franchisor-franchisee relationships. Using resource-based theory and an intellectual capital perspective, we develop propositions on how to handle the knowledge transfer more efficiently. From this point of view, we propose an interorganizational dynamic contract to provide a more efficient knowledge transfer, thereby contributing to the success of the franchise networks as well as reducing the failure rates of franchisees’ outlets.
KeyWords: Franchise, agency theory, entrepreneurship, resource-based view
DOI: 10.5295/cdg.150610gn
Bibliographic:
Navarro Sanfelix, G. and Puig, F., 2018. New challenges in franchisor-franchisee relationship. An analysis from agency theory perspective. Cuadernos de Gestión, 18 (1), 85-102. DOI: 10.5295/cdg.150610gn
JEL Classification: M00, M130


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