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Environmental sustainability and their factors in SMEs: A multiple case study of Spain and Chile
Francisco Villegas Pinuer, Leslier Valenzuela Fernández, Joan Llonch Andreu, Pilar López Belbeze
Environmental Sustainability (ES) is a growing concern for society’s development while identifying companies’ need to define sustainability-based strategies. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have an essential role; generating more than 60% of employment in Europe and Latin America. Numerous research exists regarding large companies’ situation on environmental topics, yet little exists on SMEs at the practical and theoretical levels. Thus, determining the variables that affect the application of ES is very relevant. This study analyzes in-depth ES factors and drivers from the SMEs’ perspective, exploring the variables influencing their implementation in these companies. 
The methodology employed is in-depth interviews, applied to a sample of 17 SMEs in Spain and 25 SMEs in Chile. 
The main findings suggest that Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO), Customer Orientation (CO), and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) influence ES adoption in both countries, showing similarities in the driving reasons behind them, but with certain differences in their implementation (affected by institutional context influences). Furthermore, the level of knowledge affects decision-making related to the development of high-level environmental practices.
KeyWords: Environmental sustainability, customer orientation, corporate social responsibility, entrepreneurial orientation, SMEs
DOI: 10.5295/cdg.211370fv
Bibliographic: Villegas Pinuer, F., Valenzuela Fernández, L., Llonch Andreu, J. and López Belbeze, P., 2021. Environmental sustainability and their factors in SMEs: A multiple case study of Spain and Chile. Cuadernos de Gestión, 2021-06-18. DOI: 10.5295/cdg.211370fv
JEL Classification:  Q01, L26

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