May 31st, 2016

Senza titolo

Seminario de estudio sobre los primeros resultados del proyecto ARCHIMEDE 

ARCHIMEDE proiektuaren lehenengo emaitzei buruzko mintegia

prova_blog

Bazkak, aldi baterako laborantzak eta kokaguneak:                              Araba eta Gipuzkoa artean dauden komunalen Arkeologia eta Historiarako diziplina anitzeko ikuspegia

                                  Pastos, cultivos temporales y asentamientos: un enfoque multidisciplinar para la arqueología y la historia de los comunales entre Álava y Gipuzkoa

Amaya Echazarreta Gallego, Begoña Hernández Beloqui, Arantzazu J. Perez Fernández, Valentina Pescini, Marta Portillo, Juan Antonio Quirós Castillo,  Anna Maria Stagno, Carlos Tejerizo García

Letren Fakultatea, Gradu Aretoa  2016ko ekainaren 6an, astelehena, 9.30tik 14.00ra

   Facultad de Letras, Salón de Grados Lunes 6 de junio 2016, h. 9.30-14.00

 

loghi_archieccdef

 

Programa

Senza titolo

9.30 – 11.40 Proiektuaren aurkezpena eta lehenengo emaitzak Presentación del proyecto y primeros resultados

Juan Antonio Quirós Castillo (Ondarean eta Paisaia Gizatiartuetan Ikerketa Taldea EHU, Grupo de Investigación en Patrimonio y Paisajes Culturales UPV), Bienvenida e introducción Ongietorri eta sarrera

Anna Maria Stagno, Carlos Tejerizo García (Grupo de Investigación en Patrimonio y Paisajes Culturales UPV, Ondarean eta Paisaia Gizatiartuetan Ikerketa Taldea EHU), Mendialdeko arkeologiatik komunalen arkeologiaraino. Ikerketaren estrategiak eta ikuspegiak euskal mendiaren azterlanean Desde la arqueología de montaña hasta la arqueología de los comunales. Enfoques y estrategías de investigación en el estudio de la montaña vasca

Amaya Echazarreta Gallego (Historiaurreko Ikerketa Taldea EHU, Grupo de Investigación de Prehistoria UPV), Uso de cabañas ganaderas en zonas de montaña (Sierra de Aizkorri, Gipuzkoa). Resultados preliminares del estudio de microfósiles no polínicos y polenes Mendialdeko borden erabilpena (Aizkorri mendilerroa, Gipuzkoa). Mikrofosil ez polinikoen eta polenen azterlanen aurremaitzak

Begoña Hernández Beloqui (Grupo de Investigación en Patrimonio y Paisajes Culturales UPV, Ondarean eta Paisaia Gizatiartuetan Ikerketa Taldea EHU), Aizkorri medilerroa eremu mankomunen paisaiaren dinamika eta nekazaritza-praktiken karakterizatzea, azterlan palinologiko eta mikrofosil ez polinikoen bitartez Dinámica del paisaje y caracterización de las prácticas agrícolas en los espacios comunales de la Sierra de Aizkorri a través de los análisis palinológicos y de microfósiles no polínicos

Marta Portillo (Department of Archaeology, University of Reading/Historiaurreko Ikerketa Taldea EHU, Grupo de Investigación de Prehistoria UPV), Cabañas y cultivos temporales en la Sierra de Aizkorri: resultados del estudio de fitolitos ) Bordak eta aldi baterako laborantzak Aizkorriko medilerroan: fitolitoen azterlanaren emaitzak

Eztabaida Debate

11.40 Pausa café Kafe etenaldia

12.10 – 14.00 Ikerkuntzarako ikuspuntuak Perspectivas de investigación

Arantzazu Jindriska Pérez Fernández (Grupo de Investigación de Prehistoria UPV, Historiaurreko Ikerketa Taldea EHU), Metodo geoarkeologikoaren aplikagarritasuna eremu komunalean: materialak eta metodoak Aplicabilidad del método geoarqueológico en el ámbito comunal: materiales y métodos

Valentina Pescini (Laboratorio di Archeologia e Storia Ambientale, Università di Genova), La antracología para la arqueología de los recursos ambientales: métodos y problemas aplicados a las carboneras de la montaña vasca Antrakologiaren erabilpena ingurune-baliabideen arkeologian: metodoen eta arazoen egokipena euskal mendiko txondorretan

Anna Maria Stagno, Komunalen historia erregresibo baten alde: kudeaketa eta gatazkak arkeologi-erregistroen bitartez Para una historia regresiva de los comunales: gestión y conflictos a la luz del registro arqueológico

Discusión y debate final Eztabaida eta amaierako mahai-ingurua

Juan Antonio Quirós Castillo, Ondorioak Conclusiones

Sailkatu gabea

ARCHIMEDE goes to “Semana de la Ciencia”

November 10th, 2015

From 5 to 7 November 2015, in the stand of GIPyPAC at at the 15th “Semana de la ciencia. Zienzia Astea ” (week of science) organized by the University of the Basque Country,  “ARCHIMEDE” project has been presented to  general audience and to primary and secondary schools  at the Bibat Archaeological Museum in Vitoria Gasteiz.

Stand of GIPyPAC at Zienzia Astea 2015from Gipypac Upv Ehu facebook page, 4 November 2015

SC2015 A4 A Stagno vRev

Sailkatu gabea

Amandola – Seminars at RIMEM project

September 25th, 2015

At the beginning of September, I have spent some days at the IX Campaign of the RIMEM project, of the Landscape Archaeology Chair at the University of Macerata, in Amandola (Fermo, Marche).

da https://www.facebook.com/Progetto-RIMEM-236735713172772/?fref=ts 4 settembre 2015)Abbazia di Amandola

I have had the opportunity to give two days of seminars about theory and methods of rural archaeology and archaeology of environmental resources, the differences and the possible dialogue with landscape archaeology, and also on the archaeology of commons, through examples from case studies of the Laboratory of Environmental Archaeology and History (LASA) at the University of Genoa and from my MC project Archimede, developed in Basque Country with GIPyPAC, in French Pyrenees with Framespa Terrae and in Ligurian Apennines with LASA.

da https://www.facebook.com/Progetto-RIMEM-236735713172772/?fref=ts 6 settembre 2015

I have met really enthusiastic undergraduates students, who suggested me a lot of interesting ideas about possible developments of research on rural areas.

 

tuttiapranzoTutti a tavola!

 

I wish to thanks them (Alessandra, Andrea, Diletta, Francesca, Gessica, Milena, Paola, Smeralda, Sophia, Valeria, Valeria), their professor Umberto Moscatelli and his assistant Diego Gnesi Bartolani, for their kind hospitality, the opportunity to tell some stories from my researches and to briefly participate to their investigations!

(da https://www.facebook.com/Progetto-RIMEM-236735713172772/?fref=ts 22 settembre 2015)

Photos, except for “tutti a tavola”, from Rimem facebook page 4, 6 and 22 September 2015.

seminars and conferences

Archimede in Italy: targeted surveys in Trebbia valley

August 24th, 2015

August, 18-20

Fieldworks were realized in Moglia del Chirlo and Campo del Degano sites. These areas were already known for their historical environmental interest thanks to previous investigations carried on Casanova di Rovegno (Rovegno, GE) slopes (Cevasco 2012, Tigrino et al. 2013, Stagno, Molinari 2014). 

In particular, the interest of these sites emerged during the ZUM project of the Laboratory of Environmental Archaeology and History and I continued to study them thanks to my PhD Thesis.

In the framework of the Archimede project, the study have been focused on these two sites, with the aim to investigate the relationship between the modifications on the environmental resources management practices and the phases of appropriation and usurpation of part of the common-lands.

During surveys, little shovel-tests and samples for environmental archaeology analysis have been realized by an equipe of three persons. A great thanks to Claudia Parola and Alessandro Panetta of the Laboratory of Environmental Archaeology and History of the University of Genoa for their enthusiastic and creative help, and also for all the little but funny adventures we lived.

A great thanks also to Diego Moreno, Roberta Cevasco of the same Laboratory (and Roberta also of the Univerity of Gastronomic Science of Pollenzo) for coming with us during interesting surveys following geom. Billi map (see Tigrino et al. 2013)… and to Angiolino Maneggia and Marco Casazza of Casanova di Rovegno for they continuous interest, their help, and all the information and stories year by year they share with us! We have to continue to study this area!!

valtrebbiaPhotos 5,10, 9 are of Claudia, 2, 11, 12, 15 of Alessandro, the 8th is of Diego, the other mine

 

surveys and fieldworks

ARCHIMEDE Project at EAA 2015 (Glasgow)

August 21st, 2015

With two papers, I will present the first results of the ARCHIMEDE project at the 21st Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologist (Glasgow 2-5 September 2015).

Common lands, environmental resources management practices and conflicts: multidisciplinary perspectives on the study of the European mountain heritage in the the session LV18 – Mediterranean mountainous landscapes: Historical Agrosystems, Identity and Heritage (04/09/2015, 13:30-17:30, at Boyd Orr – Lecture Theatre C)

 

Short and long distance transhumant systems and conflicts on common-lands in post-classical archaeology: case studies from Mediterranean mountains in the session AM11 – Historical Transhumance in Europe: finding common ground in marginal landscapes (05/09/2015, 08:00-18:00, Mathematics Building – Room 416).

 

The abstracts are available in the Abstract book of the meeting,  pages 126 and 484.

 

seminars and conferences

Visiting GIPyPAC excavations: Torrentejo site

July 25th, 2015

The last July 22, I visited on of the excavations of the Grupo de Investigación Patrimonio y Paysaje Culturales (see also in facebook) of the University of the Basque Country to which I am affiliated.

An important excavation which is studying the history of the medieval deserted village of Torrentejo (Labastida, Álava) and the different phases of the agrarian colonization of the area.

The last May, an exposition on the previous results of the investigations was opened in Labastida town.

visitin_labastida

Descanso, vuelos de cometas y visita a la excavación entre Labastida y el sitio de Torrentejo.

 

surveys and fieldworks

Greetings from Aizkorri: Malla, Urbia, Oltza

June 25th, 2015

15-19 June

Incredible areas of seasonal settlements realized exploiting the bedrock, caves, seles, impressive and ancient arboreal hawthorn alignments and ancient trees.

Unluckily Maialen couldn’t participate and on Thursday Riccardo broke down his meniscus.

Many thanks to the kindness of the people of the Goiko Benta and of the Fonda di Urbia, and to all the people we interviewed during this week, for their patience speaking with an Italian, no Euskera but Castellan speaker, and a special thanks to my young Basque colleagues, without them interviews simply couldn’t be realized :).

Finally wonderful thanks to all, for their patience during 4 days working under the rain, with frog and impossible conditions of visibility, for the creative methods of documentation they realized, their happy enthusiasm and their attention to well record every evidence of the past practices of environmental resources management.

aizkorr2iPictures 2, 7, 24 were taken from Aitziber; 1, 4, 6, 10, 20 from Carlos; 5, 17, 23 from Iosu; 15, 16, 22 from Riccardo, the other are mine.

 

surveys and fieldworks

Greetings from Zuazo and Narbaiza (Salvatierra) common-lands

June 25th, 2015

8-12 June

Other vegetal evidences of appropriation of common-lands, with phases of terraces, oak wooded pastures, ancient quarries, buried settlements and seles (see this article of Ramon Díaz de Durana about seles).

perNarbaiza_newsPhoto 1, 2 are of Carlos, the 4th of Iosu, the other mine.

Many thanks to the farmer of Fuente de Udala for his kindness, allowing us to have a dinner at the shadow of his canopy in a awful day of sun and to the keeper of the church of Dallo for the same kindness in a rainy day.

surveys and fieldworks

June 7

June 25th, 2015

My first Basque birthday… Treinta y diez…

Many thanks for the cake, the candles and above all for the Zorionak zori song :)! to Carlos, Aitziber, Maialen, Gonzalo, Iosu y Paco!

DSCN6379_carlos

Self timer with Carlos Camera of the 9 of June (birthday of Paco)

surveys and fieldworks

Greetings from Zalduondo common-lands (1-6 June 2015)

June 25th, 2015

Vegetal evidences of appropriation of common-lands, seasonal settlements with traces of different life phases, ancient oak wooded meadow pastures converted in beech woodland for charcoal production, terraces, pollarded beech and oak trees…

Thanks to Carlos, Gonzalo and Riccardo!!

perZalduondonews(photo 3rd is of Gonzalo, the 4th of Riccardo, the other mine).

surveys and fieldworks

Surveys in Alava and Gipuzkoa commons

June 25th, 2015

Between 1 and 19 of June, the surveys in Alava (Zalduondo and Salvatierra commons) and Gipuzkoa (Aizkorri mountain) were realized.

The equipe who worked with me was composed by Carlos Tejerizio and Riccardo Santeramo of the Grupo de investigación Patrimonio y Paisajes Culturales, and from students of the undergraduates courses of History (Grado en Historia) at the University of the Basque Country: Gonzalo Ibarzabal, Aitziber González García, Francisco Gómez Diez, Maialen Galdos Jauregi, Josu Santamarina.

A great thanks to all of them for their enthusiastic help, their scientific and artistic photos, their writing on the Topographical Units and oral sources forms, their foots and their eyes!

And a great thanks also to the Land Rover Defender of the GipyPAC (and to whom drove it!), and to the GPS Garmin GPSmap 78, and to all the cameras.

surveys and fieldworks

Archimede fieldworks in Cerdagne!

May 31st, 2015

During 25 and 28 of May 2015 the first surveys in Cerdagne (Llo and Eyne commons) were realized in collaboration with Framespa Terrae de la Université de Toulouse (dir. Christine Rendu).

 

Llo_Eyne

 

In this picture pollarded Pinus nigra (leaf fodder and litter/bedding production) and hawthorns plants (used as temporary fences agricultural practices), in the area of port de Llo, Commune de Llo

When I’m identifying disappeared (and also forgotten) multiple practices of common-lands management I think I’m doing something important and also really nice!
Thanks a lot to Christine Rendu, Pierre Campmajo, Delphine Bousquet and Alain Bousquet for their great hospitality and their kind and irreplaceable help!

 

surveys and fieldworks

4e Rencontre du Reseau: Depart dynamiques des Espaces Pyreneens d’altitude. Un SIG sur le Patrimoine Archeologique et la Modelisation des Territoires Pastoraux en Andorra

May 26th, 2015

The 4e Rencontre du Reseau: Depart dynamiques des Espaces Pyreneens d’altitude. Un SIG sur le Patrimoine Archeologique et la Modelisation des Territoires Pastoraux en Andorra was held in Andorra between the 21 and 24 of May and organized by Departament de Patrimoni Cultural Àmbit de Recerca Històrica of Andorra Government.

Thanks to all the participants, and in particular to Abel Fortó García and Ferran Pujol of the Departament de Patrimoni Cultural Àmbit de Recerca Històrica for these days of discussions about a collective databases for the pastoral evidences and the really interesting presentations in the Biblioteca Nacional d’Andorra (Placeta de Sant Esteve, s/n, Andorra la Vella), and for the field visit to the pastoral sites of the Andorra mountains.

Seminars program

  • Margarita Fernández, Estudio del pastoralismo en la región cantábrica

  • Olivier Codina, La gestió agro-ramadera de la muntanya andorrana en època moderna

  • Òscar Augé, Les prospeccions a la Coma del Forat, parròquia d’Ordino

  • Josep Font, Les excavacions arqueològiques dels orris d’Emportona i de Pessons

  • Sussanna Simón y Sergi Riba, La gestió dels espais naturals protegits a Andorra

seminars and conferences

Archaeology of commons at the Rural History Conference 2015

May 17th, 2015

RURAL_HISTORY_2015

With Vittorio Tigrino of the Università del Piemonte Orientale, I have organized the session Common-lands and conflicts: historical and archaeological perspectives, which will be held in the Rural History 2015 conference of Girona (7-10 September 2015).

Through two sub-sessions, ten papers which try to address the the topic from multidisciplinary points of view will be discussed (provisional_programme_PAnel56.compressed).

seminars and conferences

Carved Mountain. Engraved Stones. Contribution to an archaeology of resources of Mediterranean mountains

April 17th, 2015

Sabato 18 aprile alle 17.00
a Palazzo Ducale (Genova),
presso la sala conferenze della Società Ligure di Storia Patria

Presentazione del volume

Montagne incise, pietre incise. Archeologia delle risorse nella montagna mediterranea
a cura di Anna Maria Stagno (“Archeologia Postmedievale” 17)

Introducono Fabio Negrino e Fabrizio Benente (Università di Genova, DAFIST)

 

seminars and conferences

ARCHIMEDE: Ortophoto and Lidar data Analysis

March 11th, 2015

Basque Country have a good coverage of ortophotos. The Gipuzkoa series realized by the Diputación Forál de Gipuzkoa, with the oldest of  1954, is very useful for the reconstruction of the changes of the vegetation cover in the last 60 years.

Analogously, Lidar data are available from different flights. Among them, the highest resolution is from the flight of 2008 with 8 point for meter. The processing of Lidar point cloud of 2008 allow to obtain DTM with a considerable resolution.

The analysis and the comparison of the different maps helped to select areas to be investigated through archaeological surveys.

sources

Archaeology of common-lands. A project of comparative study of Basque mountains, French Pyrenees and Ligurian Apennines

February 5th, 2015

With the paper Arqueología de los espacios colectivos: desde los asentamientos pastorales hasta los conflictos sobre las posesión de estas tierras, I have presented a first view of the project ARCHIMEDE at the 3e Rencontre du Reseau: Depart dynamiques des Espaces Pyreneens d’altitude. Un SIG sur le Patrimoine Archeologique et la Modelisation des Territoires Pastoraux (31 Janvier-3 Fevrier 2015) of the programme de la Communauté de Travail des Pyrénées et de la MSHS-Toulouse organized by the Laboratoires Framespa et Traces, équipe Terrae (see also PlataformeTerrae) de la Université de Toulouse Jean Jaurès.

Seminars program

Laurent Jégou: Principes pour un SIG partagé (Principios de un SIG compartido)

Nicolas Poirier: L’expérience Archaedyn

Anna Maria Stagno: Arqueología de los espacios colectivos: desde los asentamientos pastorales hasta los conflictos sobre las posesión de estas tierras

Robin Brigand: Premières enquêtes sur le pastoralisme et l’estivage en Roumanie

Florence Mazier: Modélisation des données polliniques à différentes échelles et cas de figure pyrénéens

seminars and conferences

Archimede: some news on data collection

December 9th, 2014

First months of the project have been devoted to the collection of archival, bibliographical and cartographic sources.

As everywhere, archival data available for the investigated areas are dispersed in different local and central archives.

At this stage central archives were not investigated, while it was possible to have a good overview of the documents of two territorial archives of Alava (Archivo Histórico Provincial de Álava, Archivo del Territorio Histórico de Álava) and of the local municipalities of Salvatierra, Araya and Zalduondo.

Thanks to various online provincial (Arabadok) and national (Portal de Archivos Españoles) databases with lists of archival documentation, it is possible to have a first overview of the available material and its dislocation. Really useful is also the web-site of the Euskadiko Artxibo Historikoa which offer the information on the different archives of the Basque Country, their localization, contact number and the type of documents they preserves (Artxibc).

The most part of the documents of the archives of the municipalities to which the selected areas belongs have been transcribed, and now are available on line in the series of the Colección de las Fuentes Documentales del País Vasco.

All the cartographical data, included cadastral maps, Lidar data, ortophoto of the Basque Country and present and historical maps of the Instituto Geografico Nacionál (see also the viewer Iberpix), are available on line. Cartographical datas are also available in the websites of the Diputaciones Forales (Alava, Gipuzkoa), as well cadastral maps (Alava, Gipuzkoa).

sources

IX Encuentros con jóvenes investigadores en arqueología IX. arkeologia ikertzaile gazteekin topaketak 22 de octubre de 2014 2014ko urriaren 22a.

October 24th, 2014

First presentation of the project at the University of the Basque Country organized by Arkeogazte Asociación de Jóvenes Investigadores en Arqueología Prehistórica e Histórica Historiaurreko eta Garai Historikoko Arkeologia Ikertzaile Gazteen Elkartea

En esta comunicación quiero presentar una investigación multi-disciplinar (proyecto Marie Curie IEF) sobre la arqueología de los espacios comunales, que realizaré con la implicación de tres grupos de investigación – Grupo de investigación Patrimonio y Paisaje Cultural de esta Universidad, Framespa Terrae de la Université de Toulouse Le Mirail, y Laboratorio di Archeologia e Storia Ambientale de la Università degli Studi di Genova (LASA) –, tres grupos que muestran un enfoque similar sobre las posibilidades de análisis y la diacronía de este tipo de investigaciones.
Se denomina espacios comunales a una categoría de la tierra (prados, pastos, bosques, etc) utilizados por una comunidad a través del derecho consuetudinario. La existencia, la complejidad de las
diferentes utilizaciones, y la permanencia de derechos comunes de explotación fueron determinantes para la construcción de los paisajes rurales y, de esta manera, hoy estos son protegidos como patrimonios naturales y culturales. Si los historiadores no han estudiado mucho la materialidad de estos espacios, los arqueólogos tampoco, desde hace muy poco tiempo, han considerado los caracteres jurisdiccionales de los espacios de montaña, asumiendo la presencia de comunales como un hecho, sin profundizar las consecuencias materiales de las características sociales y jurisdiccionales de los derechos de acceso comunes.

Mi proyecto se propone precisamente que llenar este vacío centrándose en la organización espacial de las tierras comunes y, en particular, en la posibilidad de identificar la presencia de tierras privadas a dentro de estas y de medir la duración de estas ocupaciones. De hecho, estas tierras pueden ser tanto marcadores de usos específicos (cultivos temporales, prados por la producción de forraje,…), como de los conflictos relacionados con los comunales.

La investigación será desarrollada en dos áreas de la Montaña Vasca, y los resultados se compararán mediante investigaciones puntuales con áreas donde el LASA y el FRAMESPA-Terrae están ya desarrollando investigaciones de arqueología de montaña y del medio ambiente.
En estas áreas, parece haber características similares en los derechos de acceso comunes: el papel de la familia (familia, maison, parentele) en la transmisión de los derechos y de los sistemas de trashumancia que conectaban las áreas costeras y las de montaña (como pastos de invierno y de verano, respectivamente); las existencia de usos múltiple de la tierra (no sólo ganadería, y explotación de la madera, sino también cultivos temporales, etc.) y los frecuentes conflictos sobre las tierras comunes y los derechos de acceso dentro de la misma comunidad (usurpación por parte de personas privadas) o entre diferentes comunidades (a menudo conectados con los sistemas de gestión del agua) .

A través de la discusión de los primeros resultados de la investigación realizada en los Apeninos de Liguria (en el marco de mis proyectos doctoral y post doctorales desarrollados con el LASA) y las investigaciones previstas en las montañas vascas, quiero sugerir cómo la naturaleza dinámica de los bienes comunes y sus transformaciones se puedan comprender mejor gracias a la combinación de la arqueología rural con el estudio analítico de la documentación de archivo.

seminars and conferences

Archimede: Archaeology of environmental resources and present management of mountain areas

October 15th, 2014

Common lands have a high value in biodiversity preservation, cultural heritage and cultural landscapes. The natural values of common lands has been demonstrated that most of them coincide geographically with Natural Parks (as Natural Park of Sierra the Alarar) and several Sites of Community Importance as defined by the Habitats Directive of the European Commission in the frame of the NATURA 2000 network. Their value as cultural landscapes is well testified by national legislations that protects them as cultural heritage.

Nowadays, common-lands values are rapidly changing because of in many areas, they are disappearing at the same time to the abandonment of their management. Studies on common-lands showed that, where the local groups still bears common access rights basing on their historical documented memory in private local archives (acts, sentences and so on), common lands are often still managed. This possibly happens because the nature of common-lands is inseparable from their historical dimensions (stratification of access rights, conflicts) and from the right topography (different uses of different areas).

In the development of the project, the specific attention paid to the practices of management and production of agro-silvi-pastoral resources and the regressive methods will contribute highlight the contribute of local knowledge in the preservation of the historical rural landscapes, and will help to better defines landscape management policies from the perspective of sustainable development and of the local management of environmental resources, in the framework of the actions for their conservation as a part of European Cultural Heritage.

seminars and conferences