Thinking Together

Hace más de 25 años que las CP son algo familiar en el paisaje educativo, sanitario y deportivo, pero hay grandes divergencias en la literatura respecto a su naturaleza y utilidad. Un trabajo reciente en una revista tan presgiosa como Human Relations (Q1 en cuatro áreas: Humanidades, Innovación, Ciencias Sociales, Empresariales) describe el estado de la cuestión: sabemos que las CP son un factor clave en el aprendizaje pero no hay consenso sobre el cómo ni el porqué, si su origen es espontáneo o si pueden ser dirigidas a un fin dado. En definiva, no conocemos lo suficiente los factores implicados en el origen, implantación y reproducción de las CP.

El artículo es especialmente interesante por su comparación entre una CP que funciona y otra que no, y su hipótesis acerca de cuál es el elemento diferenciador resulta bastante convincente. Aquí el resumen:

In this article, we develop the founding elements of the concept of Communities of Practice by elaborating on the learning processes happening at the heart of such communities. In particular, we provide a consistent perspective on the notions of knowledge, knowing and knowledge sharing that is compatible with the essence of this concept – that learning entails an investment of identity and a social formation of a person. We do so by drawing richly from the work of Michael Polanyi and his conception of personal knowledge, and thereby we clarify the scope of Communities of Practice and offer a number of new insights into how to make such social structures perform well in professional settings. The conceptual discussion is substantiated by findings of a qualitative empirical study in the UK National Health Service. As a result, the process of ‘thinking together’ is conceptualized as a key part of meaningful Communities of Practice where people mutually guide each other through their understandings of the same problems in their area of mutual interest, and this way indirectly share tacit knowledge. The collaborative learning process of ‘thinking together’, we argue, is what essentially brings Communities of Practice to life and not the other way round.

Fuente: Pyrko, I., Dörfler, V. & Eden, C. 2017. Thinking together: what makes communies of practice work? Human Relations 70 (4), 389-409.

 

 

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