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Best Thesis Award in PLN (Aitor Gonzalez, 2018-09-13)

Last September Aitor Gonzalez Agirre was awarded with the best MSc thesis Award 2018 by the SEPLN association. Congratulations to Aitor and to his supervisors Eneko Agirre  and German Rigau.

Aitor is now working at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center.

The abstract of his thesis entitled Computational Models for Semantic Textual Similarity” is the following:

Measuring semantic similarity between textual items (words, sentences, paragraphs or even documents) is a very important research area in Natural Language Processing (NLP). It has many practical applications in other NLP tasks such as Word Sense Disambiguation, Textual Entailment, Paraphrase detection, Machine Translation, Summarization, Information Retrieval or Question Answering.
The overarching goal of this thesis is to advance on computational models of meaning and their evaluation. To achieve this goal we define two tasks and develop state-of-the-art systems that tackle both tasks: Semantic Textual Similarity (STS) and Typed Similarity.
STS aims to measure the degree of semantic equivalence between two sentences by assigning graded similarity values. This graded similarity captures the notion of intermediate shades of similarity ranging from pairs of text that differ only in minor nuanced aspects of meaning, in relatively important differences,
down to pairs that share only some details or that only have in common being about the same topic. In the scope of this research, we have collected pairs of sentences to construct datasets for STS, a total of 15,436 pairs of sentences, being by far the largest collection of data for STS.
Using these new datasets for STS we have designed, constructed and evaluated a new approach to combine knowledge-based and corpus-based methods using a cube. This new system for STS is on par with state-of-the-art approaches that make use of Machine Learning (ML) without using any of it, but ML can be used
on this system, improving the results.
Typed Similarity tries to identify the type of relation that holds between a pair of similar items in a digital library. Being able to provide a reason why items are similar has applications in recommendation, personalization, and search. We investigate the problem within the context of Europeana, a large digital library containing items related to cultural heritage. A range of types of similarity in this collection were identified and a set of 1,500 pairs of items from the collection were annotated using crowdsourcing.
Finally, we present three systems capable of resolving the Typed Similarity task: a baseline approach, a knowledge-based approach and a ML system. The high results obtained by our systems suggests that this technology is close to practical applications. In fact, the system based on ML resulted in a real-world application to recommend similar items to users in an online digital library.

[ES]

En la XVII Edición de los premios SEPLN a la mejor tesis doctoral en Procesamiento del Lenguaje Natural se han presentado doce trabajos de gran calidad. Cada monografía ha sido evaluada por tres revisores. Destacar el alto nivel científico y técnico, siendo todas ellas merecedoras del premio. Finalmente, ha quedado mejor valorada, y por consiguiente, premiada y propuesta para su publicación electrónica la titulada “Computational Models for Semantic Textual Similarity” de Aitor González Agirre, como el décimoséptimo número de esta serie de publicaciones.

 

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