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Regional development and capital structure of SMEs
Filippo di Pietro / María José Palacín Sánchez / José L. Roldán
This article studies the influence of regional institutional environment, measured as regional development, on capital structure of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Furthermore, the standard firm-factor determinants and the business sector of the firm are also incorporated. To this end, a sample of 6,560 Spanish firms for 2007 is analysed, where all regions of Spain and all sectors, except the financial sector, are considered. Spain provides a suitable and unexplored laboratory for the analysis of regional differences in the financial structure of SMEs, since, on the one hand, SMEs constitute the most relevant firms in this country, and on the other hand, Spain shows regional disparities at various levels. Moreover, the empirical analysis uses Partial Least Squares (PLS), a variance-based structural equation modelling (SEM). In this respect, PLS has several clear advantages to multiple linear regression (MLR). Thanks to this study, how each of these factors explains the variation in the capital structure could be shown. Moreover, the results show that although firm factors and the business sector explain a large proportion of the variance of capital structure of SMEs, it is important to take into account the regional institutional environment to better ascertain the level of debt of SMEs in a single country.
KeyWords: Capital structure, SMEs, regional development, PLS, business sector
DOI: 10.5295/cdg.150530fd
Bibliographic: di Pietro, F., Palacín Sánchez, M.J. and Roldán, J.L., 2018. Regional development and capital structure of SMEs. Cuadernos de Gestión, 18 (1), 37-60. DOI: 10.5295/cdg.150530fd
JEL Classification: G32, R50

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