Speech processing and language acquisition
General details of the subject
- Face-to-face degree course
Description and contextualization of the subjectMain concepts in speech processing; Classic phenomena; Models of speech perception; Language Acquisition; Infant research methods; Development of speech perception; Statistical learning of word boundaries; LA in adults: Second language acquisition
|CAUDRELIER , TIPHAINE||BCBL- Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language||Otros||Doctoremail@example.com|
|KALASHNIKOVA , MARINA||BCBL- Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language||Otros||Doctorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|STOEHR , ANTJE||BCBL- Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language||Otros||Doctoremail@example.com|
|CE1. Advanced knowledge of speech perception and language aquisition||25.0 %|
|CE2. Main research techniques of speech perception and language aquisition||25.0 %|
|CE3. Evaluating research processes and products in speech perception and language aquisition||25.0 %|
|CE4. Relating the course content to areas of intervention, problems and demands of social and cultural contexts.||25.0 %|
|Type||Face-to-face hours||Non face-to-face hours||Total hours|
|Applied classroom-based groups||10||10||20|
|Applied computer-based groups||10||25||35|
|Name||Minimum weighting||Maximum weighting|
|Practical tasks||50.0 %||50.0 %|
|Presentations||50.0 %||50.0 %|
The goal of this course is to understand how young infants (between 0 to 24 months) crack the speech code and begin to acquire their native language(s). We will discuss how domain-general learning mechanisms that are already present during the first few months of life (e.g., distributional, categorical, or statistical learning) interact with the acquisition of different linguistic levels (e.g., learning phonetic categories, words, syntax). In addition, we will cover the roles of innate auditory biases, such as sensitivity to linguistic and non-linguistic rhythms during acquisition. Further, we will consider the interaction between functional/structural brain maturation and language development in the first two years of life. Throughout the class, a special focus will be given to bilingual first language acquisition, in addition to monolingual acquisition. Moreover, we will focus on the process of the second language acquisition and phonological development in second language acquisition.
This course aims to describe the processes involved in recognising words in normal-hearing, adult listeners. In the first part of the course, we look at articulatory and acoustic-phonetic representations of the speech signal, on go on to examine the transformations of speech that occur up to the level of the auditory nerve. The second part investigates the link between sounds and words, presents recent computational models of spoken word recognition, and addressing the challenge of variability. In the final part we look at speech pereption in everyday 'non-ideal' conditions.
Compulsory materialsFor part I, no specific textbooks are required. Discussions will be based on seminal and recent research articles. For part II, while no single textbook covers the course, the following book will be useful for much of the material:
i. Anne Cutler (2012). Native Listening. MIT Press.
Basic bibliographyFowler, C. A. (1996). Listeners do hear sounds, not tongues. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 99, 1730-1741.
Ganong, W.F. (1980). Phonetic categorization in auditory word perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 6, 110-125.
Hoff, E. (2004) Language Development (3ed) Wadsworth/Thomson Learning Press
Johnson, E. K., & Jusczyk, P. W. (2001). Word Segmentation by 8-Month-Olds: When Speech Cues Count More Than Statistics. Journal of Memory and Language, 44(4), 548-567. doi:10.1006/jmla.2000.2755
Kuhl, P. K. (2004). Early language acquisition: cracking the speech code. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 5(11), 831-843. doi:10.1038/nrn1533
Kuhl, P. K., Williams, K., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic experience alters phonetic perception in infants by 6 months of age. Science, 255(5044), 606-608. doi:10.1126/science.1736364
Ladefoged (2001) Vowels and Consonants
Liberman, A.M., Harris, K. S., Hoffman, H.S. & Griffith, B. C. (1957). The discrimination of speech sounds within and across phoneme boundaries. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54, 358-368.
Liberman, A. M. (1996). Introduction: Some assumptions about speech and how they changed. In A. M. Liberman (Ed.), Speech: A special code. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Liberman,, A. M., Cooper, F.. S., Shankweiler, D. P., and Studdert-Kennedy, M. (1967). Perception of the speech code. Psychological Review, 74, 431-461.
Liberman, A. M. and Whalen, D. H. (2000). On the relation of speech to language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 187-196.
Rosenblum, L. D., Schmuckler, M. A., and Johnson, J. A. (1997). The McGurk effect in infants. Perception & Psychophysics, 59, 347-357.
Samuel, A.G. (in press). Speech perception. Annual Review of Psychology 62, 16.1-16.24.
Stager, C. L., & Werker, J. F. (1997). Infants listen for more phonetic detail in speech perception than in word-learning tasks. Nature, 388(6640), 381-382. doi:10.1038/41102