Speech processing and language acquisition
General details of the subject
- Face-to-face degree course
Description and contextualization of the subjectMain concepts in speech processing; Classic phenomena; Models of speech perception; Language Acquisition; Infant research methods; Development of speech perception; Statistical learning of word boundaries; LA in adults: Second language acquisition
|CAUDRELIER , TIPHAINE||BCBL- Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language||Otros||Doctoremail@example.com|
|KALASHNIKOVA , MARINA||BCBL- Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language||Otros||Doctorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|STOEHR , ANTJE||BCBL- Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language||Otros||Doctoremail@example.com|
|CE1. Advanced knowledge of speech perception and language aquisition||25.0 %|
|CE2. Main research techniques of speech perception and language aquisition||25.0 %|
|CE3. Evaluating research processes and products in speech perception and language aquisition||25.0 %|
|CE4. Relating the course content to areas of intervention, problems and demands of social and cultural contexts.||25.0 %|
|Type||Face-to-face hours||Non face-to-face hours||Total hours|
|Applied classroom-based groups||10||10||20|
|Applied computer-based groups||10||25||35|
|Name||Minimum weighting||Maximum weighting|
|Attendance at classes||5.0 %||5.0 %|
|Oral examination||15.0 %||15.0 %|
|Works and projects||60.0 %||60.0 %|
|Written examination||20.0 %||20.0 %|
This course aims to provide an overview of the production and perception of speech in adults. The process of speech production will be described from the word or the sentence to produce to the articulation of speech, presenting both psycholinguistic and motor control models. The perception will focus on the reverse process, from the acoustic signal to word recognition. Both production and perception parts will include theoretical as well as empirical aspects.
The goal of this course is to understand the early stages of language acquisition by children and adults learning a second language. Sessions 1-4 will focus on the earliest stages of language development comprising the first two years of a child’s life. The focus will be on mechanisms underlying the acquisition of native language sounds and words, and the environmental factors that have an impact on the development of these mechanisms. Sessions 5-8 will be dedicated to speech sound production in adult second language learners. The first half of each class meeting will be a lecture in which theory will be covered. The second half will consist of a practical part, in which students produce their own speech recordings in their first and second language and learn to perform phonetic analysis using Praat software. [Note: This class is also suitable for students with very limited proficiency in a second language.]
Compulsory materialsNo specific textbooks are required. Discussions will be based on seminal and recent research articles.
Basic bibliographyFowler, C. A. (1996). Listeners do hear sounds, not tongues. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 99, 1730-1741.
Ganong, W.F. (1980). Phonetic categorization in auditory word perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 6, 110-125.
Hoff, E. (2004) Language Development (3ed) Wadsworth/Thomson Learning Press
Johnson, E. K., & Jusczyk, P. W. (2001). Word Segmentation by 8-Month-Olds: When Speech Cues Count More Than Statistics. Journal of Memory and Language, 44(4), 548-567. doi:10.1006/jmla.2000.2755
Kuhl, P. K. (2004). Early language acquisition: cracking the speech code. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 5(11), 831-843. doi:10.1038/nrn1533
Kuhl, P. K., Williams, K., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic experience alters phonetic perception in infants by 6 months of age. Science, 255(5044), 606-608. doi:10.1126/science.1736364
Ladefoged (2001) Vowels and Consonants
Liberman, A.M., Harris, K. S., Hoffman, H.S. & Griffith, B. C. (1957). The discrimination of speech sounds within and across phoneme boundaries. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54, 358-368.
Liberman, A. M. (1996). Introduction: Some assumptions about speech and how they changed. In A. M. Liberman (Ed.), Speech: A special code. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Liberman,, A. M., Cooper, F.. S., Shankweiler, D. P., and Studdert-Kennedy, M. (1967). Perception of the speech code. Psychological Review, 74, 431-461.
Liberman, A. M. and Whalen, D. H. (2000). On the relation of speech to language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 187-196.
Rosenblum, L. D., Schmuckler, M. A., and Johnson, J. A. (1997). The McGurk effect in infants. Perception & Psychophysics, 59, 347-357.
Samuel, A.G. (in press). Speech perception. Annual Review of Psychology 62, 16.1-16.24.
Stager, C. L., & Werker, J. F. (1997). Infants listen for more phonetic detail in speech perception than in word-learning tasks. Nature, 388(6640), 381-382. doi:10.1038/41102