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Disturbances and protections in Smartgrids

General details of the subject

Face-to-face degree course

Description and contextualization of the subject

The main objective of this course is to provide the student with the theoretical and practical knowledge about the protection of power systems and its application to the protection of smartgrids. Thus, the course introduces the basic principles of power system protection, the components of a protection system and its principles of operation and the basic protection functions performed by a protection system. Next, the main characteristics of distribution networks with distributed generation are analyzed, the current protection practice for these networks is also reviewed and the impacts that distributed generators cause on the protection of distribution networks is discussed using practical examples. The results of the previous analysis will lead us to raise the need for new concepts and strategies for protection of smartgrids. Finally, the state of the art of the research areas and new technologies for the protection of smartgrids will be reviewed, based on the integration of the protection system with the communication systems

In the event that the sanitary conditions prevent the realization of a teaching activity and / or face-to-face evaluation, a non-face-to-face modality will be activated of which the students will be informed promptly

Teaching staff

NameInstitutionCategoryDoctorTeaching profileAreaE-mail
EGUIA LOPEZ, PABLOUniversity of the Basque CountryProfesorado AgregadoDoctorNot bilingualElectrical


Students should have updated knowledge about the advanced working techniques and methodologies related to the field of Smartgrids and distributed generation, particularly from the point of view of their control. 10.0 %
Awareness and application of the concepts and specifications of Smartgrids, their topologies, constituent components and basic dimensioning. 25.0 %
Establishing dynamic models of the different components of Smartgrids, particularly different Distributed Generation units. 20.0 %
Evaluating and validating models and drivers of different components of Smartgrids, through simulations and experimental testing, using different computing and prototyping tools. 15.0 %
Applying computing and telecommunications tools as a support for control in Smartgrids and Distributed Generation. 10.0 %
Analysing the R&D and innovation projects of universities, technology centres and companies in the field of Smartgrids and Distributed Generation. 10.0 %
Students should be able to communicate about the projects carried out working in multidisciplinary and multilingual national and international teams of professionals and researchers operating in the field of Smartgrids. 5.0 %
Students should be trained to understand and analyse technical documents, standards and scientific articles on the topic of the Master, and to apply them in the creation of work and research related to the field of Smartgrids. 5.0 %

Study types

TypeFace-to-face hoursNon face-to-face hoursTotal hours
Applied classroom-based groups61218
Applied computer-based groups8816

Training activities

NameHoursPercentage of classroom teaching
Drawing up reports and presentations6.00 %
Exercises15.025 %
Expositive classes15.0100 %
Presentation of projects1.0100 %
Solving practical cases15.050 %
Systematised study23.00 %

Assessment systems

NameMinimum weightingMaximum weighting
Practical tasks30.0 % 40.0 %
Presentations10.0 % 30.0 %
Written examination30.0 % 50.0 %

Ordinary call: orientations and renunciation


The final grade in the case of the continuous assessment system will be composed of:

- Written examination: 40%

- Group work: 30%

- Computer lab: 30%

To pass the subject it will be necessary to obtain 5 points out of 10 in the final exam. If this requirement is not met, the final grade will be the weighted average of each part, unless it exceeds 5, in which case the final grade will be 4.5.

To renounce to the continuous evaluation, students must request it in writing to the subject's teaching staff, before week 10 after the beginning of the teaching of said subject. The rejection of the continuous evaluation implies the application of the final evaluation system.

Extraordinary call: orientations and renunciation

In the final evaluation system, the final grade will be composed of:

- Individual work: 35%

- Final exam: 65%

To pass the subject it will be necessary to obtain 4 points out of 10 in the final exam. If this requirement is not met, the final grade will be the weighted average of each part, unless it exceeds 5, in which case the final grade will be 4.5.

To renounce the call, students must request in writing to the academic committee of the master, at least one week before the official date of the final exam established for the call.


Power system protection. Basic concepts

Protection systems. Equipment and technologies adapted to Smartgrids

Protection functions

Characteristics od distribution networks with distributed generation

Distributed generation impact on the protection of distribution systems

Protections for Smartgrids. New concepts and intelligent protection strategies


Compulsory materials

Documentation for the course in eGela platform:

Basic bibliography

P.M. Anderson. Power system protection. Ed. McGraw Hill IEEE Press, Piscataway, New Jersey: 1999.

Alstom, Network protection and automation guide. Ed. Alstom Grid, Paris: 2011.

H.J. Altuve, E.O. Schweitzer, Modern solutions for protection, control and monitoring of electric power systems. Ed. Schweitzed Engineering Laboratories, Pullman, Washington: 2010.

M.H.J. Bollen, F. Hassan, Integration of distributed generation in the power system. Ed. IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering. Wiley. Hoboken: 2011.

In-depth bibliography

A.T. Johns & S. K. Salman, Digital protection for power systems, Ed. IEE Power Series 15, London 1995

G. Ziegler, Numerical distance protection, Ed. Siemens, Berlin: 1999

A.G. Phadke, J.S. Thorp, Synchronized phasor measurements and their applications. Ed. Springer, New York: 2008

CIGRE WG B5.34, Brochure 421: The impact of renewable energy sources and distributed generation on substation protection and automation. August 2010.

IEEE Power System Relay Comittee WG D3, Impact of distributed resources on distribution relay protection. August 2004.

R. Uluski, Creating Smart DISTRIBUTION through AUTOMATION, PAC World Magazine, March 2012.

CIGRE WG C6.11, Brochure 457: Development and operation of active distribution networks. April 2011.


PAC World Magazine

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine

IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery

Electric Power Systems Research

International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems


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