25975 - Chemical Fundamentals of Engineering

DESCRIPTION & CONTEXTUALISATION OF THE SUBJECT

The subject  Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering  is, together with other basic subjects, a support to
Engineering. It helps to understand many phenomena of the world that surrounds us being present both in nature and in
industry. Through chemistry not only new processes are discovered, also we try to know why and how they work, and how
they can be improved and controlled. In addition, it is a great tool to tackle environmental problems.
In this subject, chemistry, organic and inorganic nomenclature will be reviewed, the basic theoretical concepts that allow
the students to understand the nature of matter, from atomic structure to the main types of intramolecular bond (ionic,
covalent and metallic) will be introduced, as well as intermolecular interactions that define the macroscopic properties of
matter and its three states of aggregation. The fundamentals of chemical kinetics and thermodynamics necessary in order
to understand the reactions and chemical equilibria will be provided.
In this course basic and necessary principles are developed to meet and understand other subjects: Materials Science
(2nd year) and Environmental Technologies (4th year), common for all grades of Industrial Engineering.
There are no prerequisites for this course. It is recommended to have studied Chemistry in high school and have basic
knowledge of organic and inorganic chemical nomenclature and physicochemical magnitudes and units.

 

COMPETENCIES/LEARNING RESULTS FOR THE SUBJECT

General skills:
G-1 Adopt a responsible attitude and orderly work habits and tackle with motivation and interest the difficulties that arise
in the learning process.
G-2 Teamwork, integrating skills and knowledge to take decisions on the development of the proposed tasks.
G-3 Autonomous learning.
G-4 Ability to manage information.
G-5 Oral and written communication.
G-6 Prepare reports.
SPECIFIC SKILLS
S-1 Develop knowledge and understanding of the basic principles of general chemistry and its applications.
S-2 Apply the strategies of the scientific method to solve problems of general chemistry at a theoretical and experimental
level.
S-3 Be able to explain in a comprehensibly way phenomena and processes of everyday life related to basic aspects of
Chemistry.
S-4 Analyze problems, make decisions and use equations and models suitable for resolution.
S-5 Develop the capacity of oral and written communication, transmit knowledge and results using the language and
specific terminology of Engineering and Chemistry.
S-6 Develop good laboratory practices by safe handling of chemicals and generated wastes and properly assessing the
risks of handling chemicals.
LEARNING OUTCOMES
O-1 Name and write formulas of chemical compounds.
O-2 Explain and interpret the atomic models.
O-3 Relate the electron configuration of the atom with its position in the periodic table, its properties and type of bond.
O-4 Balance equations and make stoichiometric calculations.
O-5 Relate the type of chemical bond with the properties of substances.
O-6 Relate the intermolecular bonding with the states of aggregation of matter.
O-7 Describe the main properties of gases, liquids and solids.
O-8 Apply the basics of chemical kinetics to the study of the reaction rate.
O-9 Enunciate the thermodynamic laws and apply them to the energy study of chemical reactions.
O-10 Explain the concept of chemical equilibrium and how different factors affect the evolution of the state of equilibrium.

 

THEORETICAL/PRACTICAL CONTENT

Unit 1: Compounds and fundamental concepts.
Chemical nomenclature of inorganic compounds. Chemical nomenclature of organic compounds. Basic concepts and
stoichiometry. Physical properties of the compounds. Concentration of the solutions.
Unit 2: Atomic structure.
Electrical nature of matter. Atomic structure. Atomic models. Quantum theory. Quantum mechanics. Multielectronic atoms.
Periodic table. Variations in periodic properties.
Unit 3: Chemical bonding. Chemical bonding. Ionic bonding. Covalent bonding. Metallic bonding. Metals and their compounds. Intermolecular forces.
Unit 4: Physical states and properties of matter.
Solid state. Liquid state. Gas state.
Unit 5: Classical thermodynamics.
Systems, states and state functions. Work and heat. First Law of Thermodynamics.
Unit 6: Thermochemistry.
Enthalpy. Hess law. Heat capacity. Enthalpy variation with temperature.
Unit 7: Spontaneity and free energy.
Spontaneous physical and chemical processes. Second law of thermodynamics. Entropy variation with temperature. Third
Law of Thermodynamics. Absolute entropy. Free energy and equilibrium constant. Equilibria dependence on temperature.
Unit 8: Equilibria.
Chemical kinetic. Chemical equilibrium. General features. Factors affecting the chemical equilibrium. Types of equilibria.
 

Practices:
Practice 1: Safety standards and laboratory work.
Practice 2: Preparation of solutions.
Practice 3: Calorimetry.
Practice 4: Chemical kinetics.
Practice 5: Chemical equilibrium.
Practice 6: Acid base titration.

 

METHODS

Theory class (1):
The main objectives of the subject will be clearly stated, the subject contents will be explained and problems, that help
students to better understand the meaning of the concepts, will be resolved.
Classroom practices (2):
Resolution of issues and problems individually or in groups led by the lecturer.
Laboratory practices (3):
Experimental laboratory activities related to the subject, developed in the laboratory under the supervision of the lecturer.
Evaluation and training activities:
Two tests of individual assessment will be carried out in each semester.
Evaluation questionnaires are supplied to the students through the virtual classroom.

(1) It will allow the acquisition of skills: G-3 G-5, S-1, S-2, S-3, S-4 and S-5.
It will be made available to students the material necessary for their understanding.
(2) It will allow the acquisition of skills: G-1, G-2, G-3, G-4, G-5, G-6, S-1, S-2, S-3, S-4 and S -5.
(3) It will allow the acquisition of skills:: G-2, G-3, G-4, G-5, G-6, S-5 y S-6

 

TYPES OF TEACHING

Type of teaching M S GA GL GO
Classroom hours 45   30 15  
Hours of study outside the classroom 67,5   45 22,5  

Legend: M: Lecture S: Seminario GA: Pract.Class.Work GL: Pract.Lab work GO: Pract.computer wo
GCL: Clinical Practice TA: Workshop TI: Ind. workshop GCA: Field workshop

 

ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS

Final assessment system

 

TOOLS USED & GRADING PERCENTAGES

- Extended written exam 80%
- Practical work (exercises, case studies & problems set) 20%

 

OHIKO DEIALDIA

In this subject the system of continuous assessment is used. It will consist of:
1.- Two tests of individual assessment in each quarter. Each test will consist of a written exam including theoretical issues
(concepts, definitions, etc), and theoretical and practical questions related to the application of theoretical knowledge.
One of the tests will be done in the middle of the four-month period (mid-term test) and will be liberatory if the student
earns a grade of 6.5/10. At the end of the quarter a second test will be held in the period set in the academic calendar of
the center. The student will pass this test with a minimum grade of 5/10 (for both students who have liberated matter in the
mid-term test or not).
The computation of the tests in the final grade will be:

- If the student liberates matter in mid-term tests, 20% each.
- If the student does not reach the 6.5/10 score in the mid-term tests, and therefore does not liberate matter, the exam at
the end of the quarter will be the 40% of the final mark.
2.- Laboratory practices: attitude, reports and knowledge examination will be assessed at the end of the practices. They
will be the 20% of the final mark.
Students will have the right to be assessed through the final assessment system regardless of whether or not they have
participated in the continuous assessment system. To this end, the student must submit in writing to the lecturer
responsible for the subject the waiver of the continuous assessment, for which he/she will have a period of 18 weeks from
the beginning of the course according to the academic calendar of the center. The final assessment for the students who
did not carry out the continuous assessment will consist of:
1.- Carry out a laboratory practice to evaluate the learning outcome of the subject related to the application of
experimental techniques, or make the practices during the course, the reports and the exam (20%).
2.- Take the final written test consisting of a written exam of theory and problems (80%).
Students may submit their renouncement to the call by a letter to the lecturer who teaches the subject within a period to
be at least one month before the date of completion of the teaching period of the corresponding subject.
NOTE: To pass the subject it is necessary to overcome both the laboratory practices and the written examination of theory
and problems.
Passed quarters are saved until the extraordinary call.
The laboratory practices can be saved for the next academic year if the student has passed the practical part and not the
theoretical part of the subject. The student who wants to save them would have to use a call.

 

EXTRAORDINARY EXAM CALL: GUIDELINES & DECLINING TO SIT

It will consist of a written exam including theoretical issues (concepts, definitions, etc), and theoretical and practical
questions related to the application of theoretical knowledge (80%), and a laboratory practice exam (20%).
Those students who do not take the exam will not consume a call.

 

COMPULSORY MATERIALS

VIRTUAL PLATFORM: Egela.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Basic bibliography

Formula Writing and Nomenclature of Inorganic Compounds. A. Garcia Garcia. Ediciones Cedro.
Formula Writing and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds. W. R. Peterson. Editorial Eunibar.
Chemistry. Raymond Chang. Editorial McGraw-Hill.
Chemistry: The Central Science. Theodore L. Brown. Editorial Pearson. Prentice Hall.
General Chemistry. Ralph H. Petrucci. Editorial Prentice Hall.

In-depth bibliography

Química Orgánica. Mary Ann Fox. Editorial Pearson-Education
Química Inorgánica. Atkins. Editorial McGraw-Hill
Fisicoquímica. Raymond Chang. Editorial McGraw-Hill
Fundamentos de Química Analítica. Douglas A. Skoog. Editorial Thomson

Useful websites

http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/blb_la/
http://www.lenntech.com/espanol/tabla-periodica.htm