Sodium colistimethate loaded lipid nanocarriers for the treatment of Pseudomonas infectios associated with cystic fibrosis

Pastor M, Moreno-Sastre M, Esquisabel A, Sans E, Viñas M, Bachiller D, Asensio V.J, Del Pozo A, Gainza E, Pedraz JL.
: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Ciudad de edición:
477 (1-2)
Página de inicio - Página de fin:
485 - 494

Lung impairment is the most life-threatening factor for cystic fibrosis patients. Indeed, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the main pathogen in the pulmonary infection of these patients. In this work, we developed sodium colistimethate loaded lipid nanoparticles, namely, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC), as a strategy to enhance the antimicrobial therapy against P. aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients. The nanoparticles obtained displayed a 200–400 nm size, high drug entrapment (79–94%) and a sustained drug release profile. Moreover, both SLN and NLC presented antimicrobial activity against clinically isolated P. aeruginosa. The integrity of the nanoparticles was not affected by nebulization through a mesh vibrating nebulizer. Moreover, lipid nanoparticles appeared to be less toxic than free sodium colistimethate in cell culture. Finally, an in vivo distribution experiment showed that nanoparticles spread homogenously through the lung and there was no migration of lipid nanoparticles to other organs, such as liver, spleen or kidneys.

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