Prozesu Katalitikoak eta Hondakinen Balioztatzea

Ikerketa Taldea


Temperature programmed oxidation coupled with in situ techniques reveal the nature and location of coke deposited on a Ni/La2O3-aAl2O3 catalyst in the

Abstract: The characterization of coke deposited on a Ni/La2O3‐αAl2O3 catalyst used in the steam reforming of bio‐oil has been studied by temperature programmed oxidation (TPO) coupled with different in situ techniques: thermogravimetry (TG), modulated thermogravimetry (MTG), FTIR spectroscopy with mass spectrometry (MS), Raman spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The steam reforming of bio‐oil was carried out in a reactor equipment with two steps in series, comprising bio‐oil thermal treatment (500 °C) and subsequent reforming in a fluidized bed reactor (550–700 °C; and steam‐to‐carbon ratio, 1.5–6). TG/MS‐TPO experiments identify encapsulating and filamentous coke, and a more detailed analysis using other in situ techniques enable to characterize the nature and location of 4 types of coke: (i) an encapsulating coke with aliphatic nature placed in the most superficial layers; (ii) an encapsulating coke with higher aromatic nature in inner layers; (iii) the most superficial layers of a filamentous coke, further from active sites and with a more carbonized structure compared to encapsulating coke; and (iv) an innermost and mainly polyaromatic filamentous coke with a low oxygenates content.