Prozesu Katalitikoak eta Hondakinen Balioztatzea

Ikerketa Taldea

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Abstract: A full 3D model of a conical spouted bed equipped with an open-sided draft tube was simulated using CFD-DEM embedded in a commercial CFD code ANSYS-FLUENT. The dense discrete phase model (DDPM) with DEM closure for particle–particle interaction available in the FLUENT was used for the particulate phase. The dispersed k-ε turbulent model was used in the computational model for the...

Abstract: A study has been carried out on the applicability of the correlations proposed in the literature for calculating peak and spouting pressure drops to biomass materials. These parameters are essential for estimating energy consumption in spouted beds and depend on the contactor geometry, operating conditions and the type of particles. Five biomass materials have been studied based...

Abstract: This work investigates the correlation of the reaction conditions (temperature and steam-to-carbon ratio (S/C)) and the reaction medium composition with the deactivation behavior of a Ni/La2O3-αAl2O3 catalyst used in steam reforming of bio-oil, aiming at sustainable hydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass. The reaction was performed in an in-line two-step system...

Abstract: The flash pyrolysis of waste truck-tyres was studied in a conical spouted bed reactor (CSBR) operating in continuous regime. The influence of temperature on product distribution was analysed in the 425–575 °C range. A detailed characterization of the pyrolysis products was carried out in order to assess their most feasible application. Moreover, special attention was paid to...

Abstract: The continuous increase in the generation of waste plastics together with the need for developing more sustainable waste management policies have promoted a great research effort dealing with their valorization routes. In this review, the main thermochemical routes are analyzed for the valorization of waste polyolefins to produce chemicals and fuels. Amongst the different...

Abstract: The continuous pyrolysis-reforming of pine sawdust and high density polyethylene mixtures (25, 50 and 75 wt% HDPE) has been performed in a two-stage reaction system provided with a conical spouted bed reactor (CSBR) and a fluidized bed reactor. The influence HDPE co-feeding has on the conversion, yields and composition of the reforming outlet stream and catalyst deactivation...

Abstract: Waste truck tyre valorization by fast pyrolysis has been performed in a conical spouted bed reactor in the 425–575 °C range. The tyre pyrolysis oil (TPO) yield was found to decrease with increasing temperature whilst the yield of gas increased. The effect of temperature on TPO properties has been studied in order to establish the best possible valorization route. FTIR and...

Abstract: This study pursues the development and characterization of a fountain enhanced spouting regime. This novel gas solid-contact method combines the advantages of fountain confined conical spouted beds with those of draft tube conical spouted beds. The aim of confining the fountain, and therefore attaining a clearly differentiated regime, is to progress towards a highly efficient...

Abstract: This work focuses on the removal of the tar derived from biomass gasification by catalytic steam reforming on Ni/Al2O3 catalysts. Different tar model compounds (phenol, toluene, methyl naphthalene, indene, anisole and furfural) were individually steam reformed (after dissolving each one in methanol), as well as a mixture of all of them, at 700 °C under a steam/carbon (S/C)...

Abstract: The performance of SAPO-18 and SAPO-34 catalysts has been compared during the conversion of ethylene or 1- butene to propylene. This comparison has been made in terms of activity (conversion), selectivity and stability against coke deposition. The SAPOs were synthesized, agglomerated, calcined, characterized and tested in a fixed-bed reactor at 500 °C. The spent catalysts...