Central Analysis Service of the UPV/EHU. Bizkaia Unit

Equipment

Euro EA Elemental Analyzer (CHNS) made by EuroVector

This technique provides the content of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and sulphur which are present in a sample. The analytical method is based on the complete and instantaneous oxidation of the sample via combustion with oxygen at an approximate temperature of 1020° C. The combustion products are transported by the gas carrier to a chromatographic column where separation is carried out. A thermal conductivity detector provides the signal for each element which is then translated to a percentage content.

  • Applications: organic and inorganic samples can be analysed from diverse origins such as polymers, pharmaceutical products, foods, agricultural products, fuels and sediments, etc.
  • Features of the samples: the samples (non-volatile solid or viscous liquid) must be homogenous, pulverized as much as possible in the case of solids and free of solvents
  • The samples must not contain mercury
  • Minimum amount of sample: 10 mg

Perkin Elmer Analyst 100 Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer

This equipment consists of a computer-controlled atomic absorption system which enables automated multi-elemental analysis to be carried out in a sequential way. Its control software (Winlab) makes it very versatile under numerous working conditions. This equipment enables other types of accessory to be incorporated such as automatic injection systems, diluters and injections systems, etc.

Some of these accessories are available in some other equipment which the Service has as its disposal. This instrument enables most elements to be determined elementally within a concentration interval of 0.05-10 mg.L-1, according to the element.

Horiba Yobin Yvon Activa atomic emission spectrometer with inductively-coupled plasma (ICP-AES)

This atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) is equipped with a glass and Teflon nebulizer system, which enables samples from acidic digestion to be determined using HF. This equipment also provides the option of coupling a hydride generation system which enables elements such as As, Hg and Sb,.etc. to be determined, in very low levels of concentration (ppb).

The equipment is controlled by a control computer with Activa Analyst 5.4 software, which enables it to interact with the equipment at all times.

It permits sequential multi-elemental analysis and also enables numerous analytical requirements to be met due to the large linear interval that characterizes this technique, which in turn facilitates the analysis of majority and minority elements.

Gas chromatograph 7250  coupled to GC MS Q-TOF mass spectrometer from Agilent Technologies

The quadrupole time-of-flight GC / MS system offers full spectrum, high resolution and exact mass results for the detection, profiling and identification of volatile compounds. The system works with ionization of electrons and PCI / NCI modes

 

Agilent gas chromatograph model HP 6890 and HP 5973 mass spectrometer

The equipment consists of a chromatograph coupled to a mass spectrometer with ion lens with ionization by electronic impact. The quadrupole makes it possible to analyse samples with molecular weight.

This equipment in turn possesses an automatic sampler (HP 6890 series) which permits the injection of up to 100 samples.

Applications:

  1. It is possible to identify semi-volatile compounds by comparison among the mass spectres obtained with those from the data base (NISTOS) with which the equipment software itself is equipped (Chemstation).
  2. Quantification of semi-volatiles in compounds in environmental samples, pharmaceutical products, foods and fuels, etc. 

Waters liquid chromatograph model 2685 XE-Quatro Micro mass spectrometer

This equipment consists of a high-resolution chromatograph for the management and control of elluents and samples, together with a photodiode detector and a mass analyzer in tandem, triple-type quadrupole and ESI and APcI interfaces with "Z-spray" design. This enables work to be carried simultaneously both in positive and negative ion mode, as well as in several scanning modes (Full San, SIR, MRM, precursor ions, product ions, neutral losses, etc.) within a mass interval from 2 to 2000 u.

Agilent Capillary Electrophoresis Equipment

This capillary electrophoresis system is equipped with a photometric detector with fixed wave length, variable via filters, which enables it to detect from 185 and 254 nm. It possesses a carrousel with 20 positions for samples and electrolyte, hydrostatic injection mode, injection time and programmable analysis, separation voltage between 0-30kV, positive and negative power supplies and isomigration technique. It is coupled to a PC personal computer and controlled by Chemstation software (Agilent).

It enables different electrophoretic techniques to be used such as: capillary zone electrophoresis and capillary electrokinetic chromatography, which opens up its possibilities for application not only on charged molecules. Their small injection volume (pL) and great separation capacity mean that electrophoretic techniques are a tool of great use in very diverse fields.

FreeZone Plus 12 Liter Lyophilizer

Desiccation technique for solutions, suspensions and animal or plant tissues that have been previously solidified by freezing, capable of removing around 6 litres of water in 24 hours. It enables lyophilization ramps to be programmed in addition to the monitoring of what occurs during lyophilization by computer. It also consists of lyophilization nozzles and three trays for lyophilization inside the chamber.

Ultrafast liquid chromatography UPLC Acquity Model Water-Mass Spectrometry Waters QTOF G2 model HDMSTM SYNAPTTM

This equipment consists of an ultra-fast liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled to a photodiode array detector (DAD) and a tandem mass spectrometer (QTOF) mass and high resolution accurate ionization with ESI sources, ESCI, APCI and MALDI. It is designed to provide high resolution of 40000 FWHM, mass accuracy around 1 ppm, high sensitivity and scan speed and versatility in the ways of scanning through the cell Triwave: MS, MSE, MS2, MS3.
It also has the following software:

  • MassLynx V4.1: instrument control and processing
  • Metabolynx: metabolic mapping automatically
  • Markerlynx: metabonomics study (peak detection, peak integration, peak alignment and statistical analysis)
  • Massfragment: intelligent structural elucidation
  • Chromalynx: automatic processing of complex chromatograms composed of many components that can be not well resolved
  • MALDI imaging: image acquisition tissues

This equipment is designed for researchers who are operating within the limits of conventional mass spectrometry capabilities and need to characterize and define their samples quickly in-depth at a qualitative and quantitative level.
Fields of application: food safety, clinical, metabolite identification, metabonomics, method development and structural elucidation of organic compounds.

Inductively coupled plasma spectrometer with mass detector (Agilent, 7700)

Mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma ICPMS is highly sensitive and able to determine almost all the elements in the periodic table with an ionization potential less than the ionization potential of argon at very low concentrations (nanogram / liter or parts per trillion , ppt). It is based on the coupling of a method for generating ions (inductively coupled plasma) and a method to separate and detect ions (Mass spectrometer).

The sample, in liquid form, is transported by a peristaltic pump to the nebulizer system which is converted into spray by the action of argon gas. This aerosol is led into the ionization zone consisting of a plasma generated by placing an argon gas flow to the action of an oscillating magnetic field induced by a high frequency current. The ions pass into the quadrupole filter through a growing gap interface, there they are separated according to load / mass. Each of the tuned mass reaches the detector which evaluates its abundance in the sample.

Fields of application:

  • Environment

Quality of drinking water, toxic waste characterization, water pollution, air pollution control, soil characterization, speciation of contaminants.

  • Energy

Analysis of solid and liquid fuels, elemental analysis of combustion products, control of impoverishment / enrichment isotopic impurity control in nuclear fuels.

  • Chemistry

Characterization of raw materials, quality control of finished products, fine chemicals, high purity of product value.

  • Geology

Quantitative measures and semicuatitativas, lanthanides and actinidia analysis, surface distribution maps, isotopic ratios, characterization of rocks, minerals and sediments.

  • Electronics

Purity of semiconductor materials, defects in ceramic superconductors doping, trace and ultratrace in reagents, quality control in doped materials, RoHS / WEEE for Pb, Cd, Cr and Hg.

  • Biomedicine

Isotopic tracer studies, bioinorganic speciation, trace and ultratrace in tissues and biological fluids.

  • Art and Archaeometry

Characterization by Isotopic analysis, inorganic pigments, bases and raw materials, analysis of bronzes, metals and alloys, ceramics and characterization of ultra-trace analysis, authentication of works of art.

  • Food Science and Technology

Control of raw materials, control pollution and toxicity, elemental migration from packaging, quality control of manufactured products.

Isotopic Ratio Mass Spectometer (IRMS), (SERCOM 20-22) coupled to Elemental Analyzer (EA)

Stable isotopes are commonly used for light elements (hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen), which are precisely the most abundant in the environment. These elements are characterized by the largest natural variations in isotope ratios (abundance ratio between heavy and light isotope) due to be suffering greater isotopic fractionation in a wide range of physical and chemical processes.

In many cases the accurate determination of these relationships opens the possibility of differentiating materials or compounds that are chemically indistinguishable.


The most common type of samples in the laboratory and its main applications can be summarized in the following fields:

  • BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY: 15N and 13C in plant and animal tissues. Determination of food webs.
  • AGROBIOLOGY: 15N and 13C in soils, plants, leachate and gas. Efficiency of fertilizer. Nitrogen metabolism. Fertigation. Water stress, fertilization and pruning treatments.
  • VETERINARY AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS: 15N in feed, rumen extracts, animal tissue, etc.. (Metabolic studies, improved feed, etc.)..% D in animal fluids (Deut. of body water content).
  • HYDROLOGY: D, 18O, 15N and 13C in water and dissolved species. Identification of areas and aquifer recharge rates, flow depth, characterization of rain, the origin of salts, pollution sources, and so on.
  • PALEOCLIMATOLOGY: 13C and 18O in speleothems, travertine and shells and land (climate change studies and paleoenvironments).
  • ARCHAEOLOGY: 13C bone collagen from animals and humans (study palaeodiet and migrations). 13C and 18O composition in fossil shells and bones.
  • ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE: Isotopic studies of 13C and 15N in oil derivatives and in atmospheric CO2 (characterization, identification of pollution sources). D, 13C, 15N and 18O water pollutants (identification of pollution sources).
  • FOOD FRAUD DETECTION: By product characterization and comparison with natural isotopic compositions (addition of sugar to water or juice). 13C honey (total protein fraction to identify potential exogenous sugar).
  • FORENSIC ANALYSIS: Detection of natural or synthetic drugs of abuse (cocaine), management of doping in athletes (exogenous testosterone) of origin (factory) of explosives, etc.

Mass spectrometry of high resolution with laser ionization (MALDI-LTQ-Orbitrap)

This equipment consists of a MALDI (Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption) source coupled to a tandem mass spectrometer ion trap (LTQ XL) /Orbitrap. It is designed to provide high resolution greater than 50,000 FWHM, mass accuracy about 1-2 ppm , high sensitivity and scan speed and versatility in scanning forms due to scanning modes through MS/MS and MSn. It also has the option of MALDI-Imaging with Thermo Scientific Quest Imagine Sotfware which allows obtaining the spectral image of the whole tissue, allowing to determine the distribution of metabolites (lipids) in each area of the tissue quickly in comparation to standard treatments for sample homogenizing and extracting tissue metabolites.
This equipment is designed for researchers who are operating at the limits of the capabilities of conventional spectrometry, and they need to characterize and define metabolic profile (lipid) of biological tissues for diagnosis and prediction of disease. Fields of application: metabonomics, clinical, structural elucidation of metabolites (lipids).

 

HTX TM-SprayerTM

It is an automated sprayer system that allows a uniform matrix deposition required for Imaging MALDI-MS high resolution applications and relative quantification of the analytes of interest. This technology allows an adjustable and precise spray deposition of matrix in the MALDI plate.

Gas chromatograph (Agilent 7890A) coupled to Triple Quad mass spectrometer (Agilent 7000) with sampler (Agilent 7693)

The equipment consists of a gas chromatograph coupled to a mass spectrometer for electron impact (EI) triple quadrupole, suitable for qualitative and quantitative analysis of complex mixtures of samples with semi-volatile organic compounds (<1000 Daltons). The whole system is maintained at high vacuum by a system of external mechanical and diffusion pumps and internal

For sample injection, the team has a system allowing sampler and preparative derivatization processes and sample treatment "in situ".

Typical applications of this system are:

  • Identification of complex mixtures of volatile compounds, semi-volatile in all types of samples (solid, liquid or gaseous) by comparison with the spectral library
  • Quantification of organic compounds (pesticides, hydrocarbons, PCBs, phthalates, volatile organic acids) in all types of samples (environmental, food, drug, etc.)

UV-vis-NIR Spectrophotometer by Jasco Analytical

Diffused reflectance in powder for the characterization of materials and the determination of the state of coordination of metals by measuring the GAP jump. UV-vis analysis of solutions. Measurements of absorption spectra of solid samples such as films, filters, glasses, plans, etc. Measurements in biological systems with a small amount of sample. Thermostatization of 6/8 cuvettes and kinetics of biochemical reactions. Advanced kinetic analysis, application to DNA fusion and quantification of protein nucleic acids. Measurements of liquid or solid samples by optical fiber for samples that cannot be introduced in the standard sample compartment. Quantitative analysis, color diagnosis, ultraviolet protection factor, calculation and measurement of sunlight and visible, determination of the reflectance of solar radiation and other analysis on surfaces and glass.

Spectrophotometer UV-vis-NIR Cary 5000 (Agilent)

The Cary 5000 spectrophotometer combines PbSmart technology with the exceptional optical design and performance of all Cary UV-Vis-NIR instruments. Due to the fact that we also have a diffuse reflectance accessory, we can make measurements on solid powders in UV-vis-NIR (200-2500 nm). The most common applications are those of characterization of materials (crystals, catalysts), determination of the state of coordination of metals by measuring the GAP jump as well as UV-vis analysis of solutions, reaction kinetics of water-soluble compounds, measurements of anions and cations in water and material characterization measures (plastics, glass, mirrors ...) in UV-vis-NIR.