Areas of application

The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy allows the study of different types of materials such as metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, glasses, semiconductors, geological samples, dried biological samples , and in general any surface compatible with high vacuum systems, in areas of application as diverse as studies of adhesion, catalysis, corrosion, materials surface treatments , electronics, metallurgy, surface segregation, analysis of layer deposition, etc.