Subject

XSL Content

Grids operation and control

General details of the subject

Mode
Face-to-face degree course
Language
English

Description and contextualization of the subject

Power systems are large and complex electrical networks. In any power system, generations are located at few selected points and loads are distributed throughout the network. In between generations and loads, there exist transmission and distribution systems. In the power system, the system load keeps changing from time to time as shown by the daily demand curve. Properly designed power system should have the following characteristics: It must supply power, practically everywhere the customer demands. It must supply power to the customers at all times. It must be able to supply the ever changing load demand at all time. The power supplied should be of good quality. The power supplied should be economical. It must satisfy necessary safety requirements. It must cause minimum environmental impact. To meet these characteristics, the electrical system must be adequately operated and controlled. So, the main goal of the system operator is to maintain the system in a normal secure state as the operating conditions vary during the daily operation. Además, a power system control is required to maintain a continuous balance between power generation and load demand. Load Frequency Controller and Automatic Voltage Regulator play an important role in maintaining constant frequency and voltage in order to ensure the reliability of electric power. With the implementation of new technologies and the installation of distributed generation, electrical systems are evolving to SmartGrids. But this evolution must be done while the network continues to function and meets with all the characteristics. This course establishes the foundations for the operation and control of the conventional electrical system, its most important concepts and critical factors, to understand how intelligent systems should be operated and GD systems controlled. In the event that the sanitary conditions prevent the realization of a teaching activity and / or face-to-face evaluation, a non-face-to-face modality will be activated of which the students will be informed promptly

Teaching staff

NameInstitutionCategoryDoctorTeaching profileAreaE-mail
ZUBIA OLASKOAGA, ITZIARUniversity of the Basque CountryProfesorado AgregadoDoctorBilingualElectrical Engineeringitziar.zubia@ehu.eus

Competencies

NameWeight
Students should have updated knowledge about the advanced working techniques and methodologies related to the field of Smartgrids and distributed generation, particularly from the point of view of their control. 20.0 %
Developing operational and management strategies, including advanced techniques, for the grid-level regulation of Smartgrids. 30.0 %
Assessing and comparing the behaviour of Smartgrids and Microgrids obtained through simulation with different operational and management strategies, and justifying the results obtained. 20.0 %
Applying computing and telecommunications tools as a support for control in Smartgrids and Distributed Generation. 10.0 %
Analysing the R&D and innovation projects of universities, technology centres and companies in the field of Smartgrids and Distributed Generation. 5.0 %
Students should be able to communicate about the projects carried out working in multidisciplinary and multilingual national and international teams of professionals and researchers operating in the field of Smartgrids. 5.0 %
Students should be trained to understand and analyse technical documents, standards and scientific articles on the topic of the Master, and to apply them in the creation of work and research related to the field of Smartgrids. 10.0 %

Study types

TypeFace-to-face hoursNon face-to-face hoursTotal hours
Lecture-based162541
Applied classroom-based groups61218
Applied computer-based groups8816

Training activities

NameHoursPercentage of classroom teaching
Exercises25.030 %
Expositive classes14.0100 %
Solving practical cases15.050 %
Systematised study21.00 %

Assessment systems

NameMinimum weightingMaximum weighting
Practical tasks10.0 % 40.0 %
Questions to discuss5.0 % 20.0 %
Written examination30.0 % 70.0 %

Ordinary call: orientations and renunciation

The evaluation modalities that are taken into account of the subject are: - class attendance, - conducting simulation practices in pairs/groups, - writing individual reports - taking a final exam. The percentage value assigned to each evaluation instrument is as follows - Attendance 10% - Laboratory reports 30% - Final Exam 60% (20% Theoretical questions, 40% Problems) To carry out the corresponding weightings of the various evaluable sections it is necessary to obtain a minimum grade of 4/10 in each type of independently evaluated activity: Attendance, Reports, Theory and Exam Problems. To pass the course it is required that the final grade is equal to or greater than 5.

Extraordinary call: orientations and renunciation

The evaluation modalities that are taken into account of the subject are: - class attendance, - conducting simulation practices in pairs/groups, - writing individual reports - taking a final exam. The percentage value assigned to each evaluation instrument is as follows - Attendance 10% - Laboratory reports 30% - Final Exam 60% (20% Theoretical questions, 40% Problems) To carry out the corresponding weightings of the various evaluable sections it is necessary to obtain a minimum grade of 4/10 in each type of independently evaluated activity: Attendance, Reports, Theory and Exam Problems. The relative weight of each activity will be applied in both the ordinary and the extraordinary examination. The notes of Attendance and Report Writing will be maintained in the the ordinary and the extraordinary examination. The exam notes will be those of each call. To pass the course it is required that the final grade is equal to or greater than 5

Temary

UNIT 1: Introduction to Grid operation and control UNIT 2: Grid Codes in Grid operation and control UNIT 3: Power Flow Analysis UNIT 4: Power System Control: Voltage Control and Frequency Control UNIT 5: Introduction to Distributed Generation and SmartGrid Operation

Bibliography

Compulsory materials

Documentation of the subject's web page. Accessible at: https://egela.ehu.eus/

Basic bibliography

P. Kundur Power system stability and control, Electric Power Research Institute, 1994.

R. H. Miller and J. H. Malinowski, Power system operation, Mc Graw Hill, 1994.

P. S. R. Murty. Operation and Control in Power Systems, 2nd Ed. CRC Press, 2011.

M.H.J. Bollen, F. Hassan, Integration of distributed generation in the power system. Ed. IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering. Wiley. Hoboken: 2011.

A. J. Wood and B. F. Wollenberg, Power Generation, Operation and Control, John Wiley & Sons, 1996

A. Gomez-Exposito, J. Conejo,C. Canizares Electric Energy Systems: Analysis and Operation, CRC Press, 2009

Procedimientos de operación: Red Eléctrica de España REE, http://www.ree.es/operacion/operacion_sistema.asp Operation handbook, Union for the co-ordination of transmission of electricity
UCTE, disponible en http://www.ucte.org/ohb/cur status.asp

In-depth bibliography

S. Sivanagaraju, G. Sreenivasan, Power System Operation and Control, Pearson Education, 2010 S. Vadari, M. Vadari. Electric System Operations: Evolving to the Modern Grid. Artech House, Norwood, 2013 L. Wang, Modeling and Control of Sustainable Power Systems: Towards Smarter and Greener Electric Grids. Springer, 2012 D.M. Tagare. Reactive Power Management. McGraw-Hill Education, 2004 H. Bevrani,T. Hiyama. Intelligent Automatic Generation Control. CRC Press, 2011

Journals

Energy Conversion and Management Renewable Energy Energy IET Renewable Power Generation IEEE Energy Conversion

Links

http://smartgrid.ieee.org/ http://sites.ieee.org/igcc/ http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/ http://www.sgiclearinghouse.org/ http://www.abb.com/smartgrids http://www.alstom.com/grid/npagrequest/ http://www.gedigitalenergy.com/multilin/notes/artsci/ http://c2.cigre.org/ http://c6.cigre.org/ http://www.pes-psrc.org/

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